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HTML forms

An HTML form is used to collect user input. The user input is most often sent to a server for processing The <form> element is a container for different types of input elements, such as text fields, checkboxes, radio buttons, submit buttons, etc.

    form elements

Action Attribute

The action attribute defines the action to be performed when the form is submitted, which usually leads to a script that collects the information submitted and works with it. if you leave it blank, it will send it to the same file.

<form action="action.php">

Method Attribute

The method attribute is used to define the HTTP method of the form which is either GET or POST.

<form action="action.php" method="get"> 
<form action="action.php" method="post">

GET Method

The GET method is mostly used to get data, for example, to receive a post by its ID or name, or to submit a search query. The GET method will append the form data to the URL specified in the action attribute.


POST Method

The POST method is used when submitting data to a script. The POST method does not append the form data to the action URL but sends using the request body. To submit the data from the form correctly, a name attribute name must be specified. As an example let’s send the value of the field and set its name to Lastname:

<input type="text" name="lastname" value="Mouse">

Target Attribute

The target attribute specifies a name or a keyword that indicates where to display the response that is received after submitting the form. The target attribute defines the name of, or keyword for, a browsing context (e.g. tab, window, or inline frame).

<form target="_blank">
_blankThe response is displayed in a new window or tab.
_selfThe response is displayed in the same frame (this is the default).
_parentThe response is displayed in the parent frame.
_topThe response is displayed in the full body of the window.

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